Adjustment of status is a way to apply for a green card and status as a permanent resident if you are in the United States. Many people qualify for adjustment of status based on a family relationship to a United States citizen or permanent resident. Others qualify based on their jobs, having been granted asylum, the diversity visa program (often referred to as the green card lottery), or other categories.
You should always make sure that you meet all of the requirements for adjustment of status before you submit your application. If you apply and don’t qualify, there is a risk that you could be placed in deportation proceedings.
What Happens After You Get Your Green Card?
If you have been married for less than two years and your green card is based on your marriage, you will receive a conditional green card and will need to apply to remove the conditions on your green card in two years. If your green card is based on your marriage to an United States citizen, in three years you will be able to submit a naturalization application to become a United States citizen. If your green card is based on a different type of family relationship, in five years you will be able to submit a naturalization application to become a United States citizen.
It is very important to review the qualifications for citizenship before submitting a naturalization application. If you submit a naturalization application when you don’t qualify for citizenship, you risk losing your application fee and possibly being deported.